Trump suspends travel between US and Europe

WASHINGTON (AP) — Taking dramatic action, President Donald
Trump announced Wednesday he is sharply restricting passenger travel from 26
European nations to the U.S. and moving to ease the economic cost of a viral
pandemic that is roiling global financial markets and disrupting the daily
lives of Americans. 

Trump, in a rare Oval Office address to the nation, said the
month-long restriction on travel would begin late Friday, at midnight. After
days of playing down the coronavirus threat, he blamed Europe for not acting
quickly enough to address the “foreign virus” and claimed that U.S. clusters
were “seeded” by European travelers.

“We made a lifesaving move with early action on China,”
Trump said. “Now we must take the same action with Europe.”

Trump said the restrictions won’t apply to the U.K., and there would be exemptions for “Americans who have undergone
appropriate screenings.” He said the U.S. would monitor the situation to determine
if travel could be reopened earlier.

The State Department followed Trump’s remarks by issuing an
extraordinary global health advisory cautioning U.S. citizens to “reconsider
travel abroad” due to the virus and associated quarantines and restrictions. 

Trump spoke after days of confusion in Washington and in the
face of mounting calls on the president to demonstrate greater leadership. At
times, though, his remarks contributed to the uncertainty.

While Trump said all European travel would be cut off, Homeland
Security officials later clarified that the new travel restrictions would apply
only to most foreign nationals who have been in the “Schengen Area” at any
point for 14 days prior to their scheduled arrival to the United States. The
area includes France, Italy, German, Greece, Austria, Belgium and others, and
the White House said the zone has the highest number of confirmed Covid-19
cases outside of mainland China. 

The restrictions don’t apply to legal permanent residents,
immediate family of U.S. citizens or others “identified in the proclamation”
signed by Trump. 

And Trump misspoke when he said the prohibitions would “not
only apply to the tremendous amount of trade and cargo, but various other
things.” The official proclamation released after Trump spoke made clear it
applies to people, not goods and cargo.

The Oval Office address represented an abrupt shift in tone
from a president who has repeatedly sought to play down the severity of the
virus outbreak. Many Americans shared a similar mindset in recent weeks, but
the grueling events of Wednesday changed the mood: Communities canceled public
events nationwide, universities moved to cancel in-person classes, and families
grappled with the impact of disruptions to public schools. The number of confirmed
cases of the infection topped 1,000 in the U.S. and the World Health
Organization declared the global crisis is now a pandemic.

Even as Trump spoke from behind the Resolute Desk, the
pandemic’s ferocious rewriting of American daily life continued. The National
Basketball Association suspended its season, and Oscar-winning actor Tom Hanks
announced that he and his wife, Rita Wilson, had tested positive for Covid-19.
The first confirmed case on Capitol Hill was reported in a legislative staffer.

After Trump spoke, the White House cancelled a planned trip
by the president to Nevada and Colorado this week, “out of an abundance of
caution.” Trump’s re-election campaign also postponed a planned March 19 event
in Milwaukee that was set to feature the president.

After a week of mixed messages and false starts, and as
government officials warned in increasingly urgent terms that the outbreak in
the U.S. will only get worse, Washington suddenly seemed poised to act. 

Congress unveiled a multibillion-dollar aid package
Wednesday that was expected to be voted on by the House as soon as Thursday.

“I can say we will see more cases, and things will get worse
than they are right now,” Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute
of Allergy and Infectious Disease, said in testimony before the House Oversight
and Reform Committee. He said the virus is “10 times more lethal than the
seasonal flu.”

S&P 500 futures went from a loss of about 0.4% before
Trump spoke to a decline of 1.5% afterwards. The decline in the futures market
followed a steep 4.9% drop in regular trading Wednesday. Wall Street investors
are increasingly concerned that the Trump administration and other governments
won’t be able to do enough to prevent the virus outbreak from causing
significant damage to the global economy.

After Trump’s address, Defense Secretary Mark Esper
announced a series of moves, including restrictions for 60 days on travel by
service members, Defense Department civilians and their families to, from and
through the four counties currently designated by the Centers for Disease
Control as the highest risk Covid-19 counties  —  China, Iran, South Korea and Italy. 

In his remarks, Trump focused more on the threat of travel
continuing to bring in illness when, in fact, in parts of the country there
already is “community spread” — meaning people who don’t have a known travel
exposure are becoming infected. 

In an omission that Democratic leaders called “alarming,”
Trump left unaddressed the testing backlog that is hampering efforts to learn
just how many Americans already are infected. And while he warned the elderly
to avoid risky crowds, advised nursing homes to suspend visitors and told sick
people to stay home from work, he didn’t address one of the biggest concerns — whether hospitals are equipped to handle the
sick or will be overwhelmed.

Georgetown University public health expert Lawrence Gostin
tweeted in reaction to Trump’s speech, “Most of Europe is as safe as US,” and
Covid-19 “is already here; germs don’t respect borders.”

Trump said he was also directing agencies to provide
unspecified financial relief for “for workers who are ill, quarantined or caring
for others due to coronavirus,” and asked Congress to take action to extend it.
White House aides declined to provide details on Trump’s announcement.

Trump said the U.S. will defer tax payments for some
individual and business filers for three months to lessen the impacts of the
virus outbreak. He said the Small Business Administration will also make
low-interest loans available to businesses to help them weather the storm.

“This is not a financial crisis,” he said. “This just a
temporary moment of time that we will overcome together as a nation and as a

Trump also reiterated his call on Congress to pass a cut to
the federal payroll tax in order to stimulate the economy, though that idea has
been dismissed by many lawmakers on both sides of the aisle. He remained silent
on his previous calls to provide assistance to industries hard-hit by the
pandemic like airlines and cruise ships.

On Capitol Hill, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi unveiled an
economic assistance plan that was gaining bipartisan backing. Central to the
package is free coronavirus testing nationwide and emergency funding to
reimburse lost paychecks for those self-quarantining, missing work or losing
jobs amid the outbreak. 

The draft legislation would create a new federal emergency
sick leave benefit for people with the virus or caring for a coronavirus
victim. It would provide two-thirds of an employee’s monthly income for up to
three months. 

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, whom Trump tapped to
negotiate with Pelosi, urged Congress “to pass legislation quickly.”

The administration had floated several other strategies,
including the rare idea of declaring a national disaster that could potentially
unlock funding streams, according to a person unauthorized to discuss the
planning and granted anonymity. But Trump ultimately opted against taking that
step Wednesday.

Trump, 73, is considered at higher risk because of his age
and has repeatedly flouted the advice of public health experts, who have
advised the public to stop hand-shaking and practice social distancing. But
that didn’t stop him from calling on fellow citizens to help combat the virus’
spread. “For all Americans, it is essential that everyone take extra
precautions and practice good hygiene. Each of us has a role to play in defeating
this virus,” he said.

For most people, the new coronavirus causes only mild or
moderate symptoms, such as fever and cough. For some, especially older adults
and people with existing health problems, it can cause more severe illness,
including pneumonia. 

The vast majority of people recover from the new virus.
According to the World Health Organization, people with mild illness recover in
about two weeks, while those with more severe illness may take three to six
weeks to recover. 

Congress’ attending physician told staff there could be 70
million to 100 million coronavirus cases in the U.S. That’s on par with other
estimates. A Harvard official has estimated that 20% to 60% of adults will get
the virus, noting it’s “a pretty wide range.”

In Washington, tourists still arrived at the U.S. Capitol,
but an official unauthorized to discuss the situation and speaking on condition
of anonymity confirmed that tours would soon be shut down.

Associated Press writers Lauran Neergaard, Martin
Crutsinger, Laurie Kellman and Kevin Freking in Washington contributed to this

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