On the shores of the Caspian Sea, the old Soviet Union meets Dubai. Right now Arsenal and Chelsea fans are racing to find flights to the Bolshevik-to-bling capital of Azerbaijan. The London football teams will meet in the Europa League final in the city’s Olympic Stadium on Wednesday 29 May.
Its location is extreme: Baku is the easternmost city in the Caucasus, and the lowest-lying capital in the world – nearly 100 feet below ocean level (the Caspian Sea, like the Dead Sea, is below sea level as measured in the rest of the world). And it is a deeply intriguing location, with a fascinating Old City and dramatic new architecture.
Baku also has a range of unusual natural and man-made attractions on the outskirts.
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What to do
Explore the Old City
At the heart of Baku, stout walls rise to protect the Old City. As you walk through the Double Gate from the more modern city centre, you immediately sense that this is way beyond Europe – indeed, Baku is further east than Baghdad. The caravanserais and merchants’ mansions have been repurposed as restaurants, hotels and galleries.
But the sense of medieval might is preserved in the shape of the Maiden Tower, a 12th-century 100-foot stone guardian for the city. The outstanding cultural treasure is the Palace of the Shirvanshahs – a sandstone complex of prayer and indulgence.
Take a hike
Leaving the Old City from the Double Gate, head downhill to Fountains Square – actually an extended polygon that serves as Baku’s busy commercial and social hub. A series of fountains is augmented by public sculpture, in particular the life-size bronze of a young woman chatting on a mobile phone – one small indication of how liberal is this nominally Islamic nation. (Another is the open-air consumption of alcohol during Ramadan.)
Exit from the northeast corner, go one block east and cut diagonally across Molokan Garden – one of dozens of parks – to Uzeyir Hajibayov Street. Call in at the shiny new tourist office, four blocks along, if you want ideas on exploring Azerbaijan more widely, or just continue another block to the monumental Government House – better known back in the USSR as the Dom Soviet.
1966 and all that
The “Russian linesman” who awarded England their controversial third goal in the 1966 World Cup final against West Germany was, in fact, Azerbaijani. Tofiq Bahramov has had the Lenin Stadium renamed after him. It is close to the sweeping curves of the Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center – named, like the airport, after the former president. (His son is now in control.) But the Europa League final is taking place further northeast at the vast Olympic Stadium.
Take bus 184, passing dozens of nodding wells in the Suraxani oil fields, to the end of the route. You arrive almost at the Fire Temple, with an eternal flame in the hearth at the centre. The courtyard was created by rich Indian merchants on the site of a Zoroastrian place of worship. If it is lunchtime, ignore the tourist restaurants in the complex in favour of the Nafis Dad, just along the road overlooking a shady square.
About 15 minutes away by taxi (pay no more than 10 manats/£5) is a 20th-century curiosity, Yanar Dag – where natural gas burns constantly. Amusingly, it was ignited in 1950 when a careless shepherd dropped a cigarette that was still alight. So popular is it that, for 2019, it has been turned into a fully fledged tourist attraction complete with viewing area.
Guided Azerbaijan offers a range of bespoke tours with English-speaking guides that can cover all these sights as well as the “mud volcanoes” and petroglyphs south of the city. I paid $140 for a day’s tour.
Where to stay
Thanks to Azerbaijan’s oil wealth, there are plenty of shiny new upscale hotels. But the ideal location is within the walls of the OId City – besides characterful lodgings, you will also find some tranquillity from the always-buzzing traffic outside.
The pick is the Shah Palace, a boutique hotel arranged around a peaceful courtyard. Rates rarely exceed 200 manats (£93) for a double without breakfast; pay with cash to avoid a swingeing credit-card surcharge.
The Museum Inn is smaller and less indulgent, but also excellent value at 150 manats (£70) or less for a double room.
Outside the Old City, the Baku Palace Hotel, north of Fountains Square on Islam Safarli Street, is good value. Call +994 12 497 62 71 for the best deal – typically 120 manats (£56) double.
Budget accommodation is rarer, but – as with the World Cup in Russia in 2018 – many Baku citizens are likely to rent out rooms at reasonably modest rates to football fans.
Where to eat
Start the day at the Holiday Inn – really. The breakfast buffet for 21 manats (£10) at the 18th-floor restaurant is as spectacular as the views over the Caspian Sea and the city. You reach it on a glass-sided lift. And you can feast on well-prepared Middle Eastern and western dishes.
For lunch, make it the Qaynana Restaurant, just to the right of the Double Gate into the Old City. Order a qutab or two – the pancake turnovers filled with meat or vegetables, and a fresh and spicy salad.
For dinner on a summer’s evening, the place to be is the Dalida Restaurant, the open-air terrace on the third floor of the complex on the northeast corner of Fountains Square (it’s above McDonald’s). Dine on pilaff – lamb and rice dressed with spices, vegetables and fruits, all yours for 14 manats (£6).
Where to drink
The Dalida is also a good call for a sundowner, with Xirdalan beer (4.50 manats/£2) the drink of choice.
The Old School Cafe on Topcubasov Street is full of the Azeri approximation to hipsters, with appealing snacks and good coffee as well as a full range of exotic booze.
Beware of bars aimed at westerners. The Foreign Office warns: “Muggings do occur from time to time after dark in the centre of town around the western bars and clubs.”
Where to shop
To be amazed by the wealth of some in this oil city, head for Port Baku – a glittering new collection of designer boutiques with all the familiar upmarket brands. Next door the Emporium Mall does much the same, but also includes Bentley and Ferrari showrooms
Even on the drive in from the airport, look out on the right for what looks like a stack of Rubik’s Cubes, which is the almost-completed tax office, and shortly afterwards a glass and steel building in the shape of a teardrop – the water utility HQ.
But the most dramatic structures are the Flame Towers, a trio of luminescent turquoise towers that sparkle in daylight and are transformed after dark by a dazzle of lighting. Beneath them, the finishing touches are being made to the Caspian Waterfront building, resembling a blossoming flower, was supposedly inspired by the Sydney Opera House.
Nuts and bolts
Will I need a visa?
Yes, but fortunately it is far easier and cheaper to obtain now than it has been for a century. Apply on the Asan Visa website, and pay $21 for normal processing (officially three working days, but in practice 24 hours) or $50 for the three-hour express visa. The Foreign Office says: “If you’re applying for an e-visa to come to Azerbaijan for the Europa League final on 29 May 2019, please note in the “Purpose of visit” of your e-visa application you should select ‘Europa League Final’.” But it probably doesn’t matter if you just put “tourism”.
What currency do I need?
The manat, confusingly sometimes represented as AZN in quoted prices. The rate is about £1 = 2.15 manats. Change a few on arrival at the airport (the rate will be poor) and then more at one of the many bureaux de change in town.
Cards are widely accepted, though sometimes a steep surcharge is added.
What language do they speak?
Azeri, which is closely related to Turkish. The most common foreign language among older folk is Russian, and among younger people English.
Should I tip?
In fancier restaurants it is normal to leave a few manats, but hardly anyone tips as much as 10 per cent. If you never tip, no-one will particularly mind.
What’s the time difference?
What’s the average flight time from the UK?
Baku is as far from the Emirates Stadium and Stamford Bridge as it is possible to be and still be within the confines of “Europe”: exactly the same latitude as Madrid, but further east than Baghdad, and 2,469 miles from London.
At 10.05pm on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, Azerbaijan Airlines flies a Boeing 787 Dreamliner from Heathrow to Baku, taking five hours and 30 minutes, and touching down at 6.35am the next day. The standard fare is around £500 return, but all flights in Europa League final week are full.
I travelled on Wizz Air from Luton via Budapest for £101 one-way in total.
From the airport, the cheapest option is to get the Airport Express bus, which leaves every half hour (less frequently between 7pm and 6am) for a fare of 1.50 manats/70p (buy a ticket using cash from the machines on either side of the exit from arrivals).
The Metro underground railway is limited, but – for a largely Soviet system – efficient and reliable. The most useful stations are Icarishahar, on the southwest edge of the Old City, and the stop called 28 May – which is actually at Baku railway station.
To use the system, spend 5 manats (£2) on a BakyCard from one of the machines. This entitles you to four rides, and can be topped up as you need.
Baku’s oldest Shia mosque, Bibi Heybet, survived at its clifftop location south of the city centre from the 13th century to the 20th – when it was demolished to make room for a new highway winding south from the city. A replacement was completed in 1998.
You are free to wander in and around the mosque (shoes off, wraps provided for some to cover their heads and arms) to appreciate the impressive dome. Afterwards, take in the superb view of the Caspian shore from the mirador.
While Azerbaijan is not on the low-cost airline network from the UK, neighbouring Georgia is. To return, I took the overnight train to Tbilisi (£25 for a berth in “Soft” class), a bus across to Kutaisi (£5), from where a Wizz Air flight to Luton cost £26.
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